evenstar

【Notice】 ★ WORD POWER: 新鮮單字, 現學現賣! ★

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好啦, 以下發言算是公告, 所以用中文. xd

這一篇呢, 是希望大家能夠加強本身的生字和片語量, 也可以練習自己所學的單字和片語.

規則是這樣的:

希望大家把最近(或當天) 新學到的單字或片語發表在這裡, po 的時候請包括

1. 單字或片語

2. 解釋 & 單字詞性 (片語不用詞性啦)

3. 造句

**解釋請用英文--- 抄字典, 課本什麼都可以. 如果萬一真的不知道怎麼查英解, 請po中文解釋, 並用括號括起來.

** 造句請原創. 背了生字和片語就是要跟着句子練習, 因此請不要抄課本或講義. 不過, 假如你覺得課本講義的例句真是完美不已, 不分享會不安心, 晚上會失眠的話, 那也可以po上來.

各位發表的一篇裡請不要少於五個單字或片語 (兩者可混合湊成五個), 最多請勿超過十個.

最後, 請大家不要害羞! 切勿認為自己新學到東西的太難或太簡單, 就不發表了. 學英文就要勇於練習, 否則再簡單的東西也可能學不會阿!

這是範例:

1.Abdicate (v.)

-To step down from a position of power

- The king decided to abdicate in favor of his son.

2. Abridge (v.)

- To shorten, condense, or lessen in length

- The abridged version of Jane Eyre was designed for teens.

3.Absolve (v.)

- To forgive or free from blame

- The prisoners were absolved because of the amnesty declared by the king.

4. To eat humble pie

- To admit your error and apologize

- The boastful coach had to eat humble pie after the team lost the match.

5. Realm (n.)

- kingdom

- The king welcomes any artist to enter his realm.

如果你看到某個同學造句, 解釋或詞性寫得不對, 歡迎你為他於下方回文修改. 請記得要 "引用" 他錯誤的地方, 大家才能夠比較.

開始吧開始吧開始吧開始吧~~

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1. sane (adj.)

-sensibile

-She is smart because she is sane.

2. magnet (n.)

-body that attracts iron;person or thing that attracts

-Internet cafe is a magnet for students.

3. penury (n.)

-extreme poverty

-He lives in penury.

4. identify (v.)

-recognize

-The teacher identified her as a thief.

5. wrinkle (n.)

-small crease or fold

-Grandmother has many wrinkles on her face.

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1. significant (adj.)

- Important

- This task is more significant than past.

2. incest (n.)

- Have sex with relative.

- Incest is too disgusting to accept but usually happens in AV.

3. insane (adj.)

- Crazy and spirit-unusual

- Stupid and ridiculous

- After suffering from the serious trauma, Jessica beccame insane, often shouting and saying what we don' t realize

4. irate (adj.)

- very angry or be angered

- Sam gets irate because his sister always interrupt his speaking.

5. animosity (n.)

- hate, enmity

- Instead of having animosity against each other, we start to establish cooperation between each other.

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1. Exponent (n.)

- A person who speaks for something.

-We voted an exponent to speak for us at the meeting.

2.Recumbent (adj.)

-lying down.

-The recumbent monkey is sleeping on the grass.

3. Copious (adj.)

-large quantity, abundant.

- He was unable to kill the copius ants, because there were too many.

4.Insight (n.)

-Ability to see the true nature of something.

-Good teachers have insight into children's emotions.

5.Cosmopolitan (adj.)

-internationally sophisticated.

-New York is a cosmopolitan city.

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Copius===> you omited a letter

it should be COPIOUS

Inflation (n.)

-It's the sustained increase in the general level of prices over a period of time. It's commonly measured by the percentage change in the CPI (Consumer Price Index)

-Inflation can be very harmful to an economy as it may increase inequality.

Budget (n. or v.)

-It's the tool of the government for the exercise of fiscal policy by adjusting the level of government expenditure and revenue.

-The budget of last financial year has influenced our economy till now.

Collusion (n.)

-It's the agreement between firms on a pricing or market sharing arrangement that reduces effective competition between them.

-Collusion in the market is outlawed by the government.

Appreciation (n.)

-It refers to the increase in the value of an economy's currency in terms of another currency.

-An increase in investment will lead to an appreciation of a country's currency.

Insurmountable (adj.)

-Invincible, being unable to be overcome

-On the journey, there would be many insurmountable difficulties waiting for us.

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Copius===> you omited a letter

it should be COPIOUS

Actually, that's probably the American spelling. Don't know why but they always like to leave the "u" out.

eg.

Conspicuous = conspicuos

favourite = favorite

and so forth.

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Actually, that's probably the American spelling. Don't know why but they always like to leave the "u" out.

eg.

Conspicuous = conspicuos

favourite = favorite

and so forth.

no....it's actually spelled COPIOUS. I spelled it wrong :P

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Binary

-adjective

-consisting of two parts

Decimal

-adjective

-relating to or expressed in a system of counting based on the number ten:

-Convert this decimal numbers to binary:

1014.235

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I'd like to share my little bit of knowledge, therefore I articulated them below. Please correct my mistake if there's any.

*

About the word "3. penury (n.)":

For expressing "extreme poverty (very poor, without money)" we can also use the word

"impecunious" or "impoverished".

And for more information on "Inflation (n.)": if a government takes some action to get rid of inflation, it puts on an act to eradicate inflation.

* The English adjective impecunious was derived from the Latin noun pecunia (money) - which was from the noun peccus.

However I didn't recognize the usage of irate in the sentence "Sam gets irate because his sister always interrupt his speaking.". Personally I would use "Sam was irritated ..." instead. And I would use the word irate as the patterns goes: "an irate customer", "an irate phone call", etc.

PS: If someone gets irritated frequently and easily, he/she was irascible. If he/she also makes a gesture that means he/she is very, very angry, it was an irascible gesture.

Below are the words that I studied today:

- audacious: adj. It has the meaning "bold" and "fearless". Ex. Her audacious, reckless attitude irritated the instructor, who flung out of the classroom in a rage.

- verisimiliar: n. If something fake seems to be true, it was verisimiliar. Taken into account we may say the verisimilitude of an artificial flower or the verisimiliar statement.

- hermaphrodite: n. We use this word to describe an organism (which is a plant or an animal, for example) that has both sexes (having both the male and female sex organ and secondary sexual characteristics). The word hermaphrodite was derived from the Greek word Hermaphroditos, which means Hermaphroditus, a mythological Greek character who was the son of Hermes and Aphrodite, and had merged his body with Salmacis the nymph therefore became half male and half female.

- amphibian: n. We call an vertebrate animal that breeds and develops into an adult in water but spend some time on the land an amphibian. For your comprehension, frogs and toads are amphibians.

- vertebrate: n. and adj. If an animal has a spinal bone and a developed brain, it is a vertebrate.

- cohere: v. If something were put together and wasn't able to be separated easily, they were cohered. If some thoughts (or essences) were put together and therefore they related heavily to each other and formed a harmonious or credible whole, they were cohered (they were coherent) .

* articulate: v. if you speak something really carefully, or pronounce something really clearly, you articulate it. If you communicate something, for example you express your emotions, you articulate them. If someone was articulate, he/she is eloquent. If something was articulate, it was presented clearly and precisely.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

After one forth a year and no follow up? Gosh.

Fine, let me fill this blank with nine random fresh words now.

formidable, big and able to terrify. ex. big and formidable buildings in New York City

epidemic, fast-spreading [disease] ex. the epidemic flu; rapid development, ex. an epidemic of civil unrest and rioting.

epitome, an summary of something, ex. the one-page epitome of the 300-page book, or the exact example of something, ex. he is the putative epitome of queerness.

catachresis, the disease of word misuse. ex. [the situation] I mean the pulsative truth... no, it was the pictorial truth... no, no, it was the putative truth.

catapult, a device to throw stones. nowadays it was also a missle launcher. used as verb and it means to hurl, fling, or change circumstance. ex. the involvement of one hundred and fifty catapults catapulted the situation and helped the Nucerians won the war.

putative, being widely known and consent, ex. the putative truth of divine existance. or thought to exist, ex. gravity is a putative force. [not quite a good example]

vagabond, a wanderer. ex. It's enough for kings and vagabonds believe the very best... From Elton John's Can You Feel The Love Tonight.

scrutiny, serious inspection, may be used on bribery, ex. The prosecutors initiated a scrutiny on the president of R.O.C. and accused him for bribery afterwards.

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I believe that it's because your vocabularies are too hard for most of us Orz

You shocked many people lol

OK, I just want to post few easy vocabularies I learned recently XD

Beige

-adj. a light grayish-brown color

Ex. She looks gorgeous in blue! I believe that's because she has beige skin.

Dialect

-n. the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people

Ex. We can learn more culture of a country by learning their dialect.

Columnist

-n. a journalist who writes editorials

Ex. Don't you know that she's the popular columnist in Fruit Paper?

Haste makes waste

-phr. when we act too quickly (haste) we are more likely to make mistakes and end up with poor results

Ex. Calm down! Take it easy! Don't you know that "Haste makes waste"?

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Actually, that's probably the American spelling. Don't know why but they always like to leave the "u" out.

eg.

Conspicuous = conspicuos

favourite = favorite

and so forth.

Never saw that one before,

and it's not on www.dictionary.com either.

"-ous" is, as far as I know, has NEVER been changed,

unlike "-our" (ex. colour-->color).

verisimiliar: n. If something fake seems to be true, it was verisimiliar. Taken into account we may say the verisimilitude of an artificial flower or the verisimiliar statement.

Great word! But you spelled it wrong.

Verisimilar, no "i" before "a."

Also, here's another word with a similar meaning that has just been added to the mainstream dictionaries:

Webster's New Millennium™ Dictionary of English

Main Entry: truthiness

Part of Speech: n

Definition: the state of wishing things to be true; also, conformity to beliefs one feels or wishes to be true

Example: Truthiness is a satirical term coined by television comedian Stephen Colbert to describe things that a person claims to know intuitively, instinctively, or "from the gut" without regard to evidence, logic, intellectual examination, or actual facts.

Etymology: 2005

After one forth a year and no follow up?

That should be "fourth," and you know it!

Also watch for such common mistakes as:

-A/an use ("an" only before vowel-sounding letters, which does not include "university")

-Unity of tense (don't mix simple past with simple present)

-"Any/every" should be followed by a plural noun

-Punctuation and grammar (English clauses are governed by stricter rules than Chinese)

Doctor's prescription: read more, use less!

Columnist

-n. a journalist who writes editorials, especially on a regular basis (ex. daily, weekly, etc.)

Ex. Don't you know that she's the popular columnist in Fruit Paper?

This isn't a problem when taking exams, but watch out if you go abroad!

You can sign up for a word sent to your email every day at

www.dictionary.com

www.wiktionary.org

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the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people

as well as grammatical rules.

I don't know anything

I don't know nothing

that's an example of dialects in English as well, because they are grammatically different.

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1. play hooky

- skip the class

- I'm going to play hooky today because of the math exam.

(actually, i don't really know how to use this one :P)

2. unprecedented (adj.)

- the first one, without previous instance

- This is a controversial and unprecedented case. No wonder the judges are stuck in a deadlock right now.

3. agony, destress, anguish (n.)

- suffering, pain

(i put them together, since they're synonyms)

- The Jews suffered under the absolute agony in the concentration camp.

4. veritable (adj.)

- can be compare with, deserved the fame

- Stop braging about yourself, you're not veritable for those name.

5. notorious (adj.)

- infamous, well-know for being bad

- Police are still looking for the notorious murderer.

6. sympathy vs. empathy (n.)

- sympathy is to share the same sorrow (have been in the same situation)

whereas empathy is for the one who haven't been in the same situation

- I have empathy toward those starving children in Africa.

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1. play hooky

- skip the class

- I'm going to play hooky today because of the math exam.

(actually, i don't really know how to use this one :P)

Not a bad example!

2. unprecedented (adj.)

3. agony, destress, anguish (n.)

- suffering, pain

(i put them together, since they're synonyms)

- The Jews suffered under the absolute agony in the concentration camp.

DISTRESS. Oops...

And absolute agony probably doesn't need a "the."

4. veritable (adj.)

- can be compare with, deserved the fame

- Stop braging about yourself, you're not veritable for those name.

That's funny. Dictionary.com says it means "very much so; very true."

And no, I'm not bragging.

5. notorious (adj.)

- infamous, well-known for being bad

- Police are still looking for the notorious murderer.

6. sympathy vs. empathy (n.)

- sympathy is to share the same sorrow (have been in the same situation)

whereas empathy is for the one who haven't been in the same situation

- I have empathy toward those starving children in Africa.

I myself am one who hasn't starved before.

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thx for correcting :-)

words from the book the diving bell and the butterfly, which i'm reading right now and was nominated in the oscar award

- brutal (adj.)

- savage and cruel. There is an interesting one in the english-chinese dictionary. It said it also can be something that you feel bad or disagree with but you can't deny it (令人不快又不可否認的.....sorry for using chinese)

- My doctor read the report to me as if it wasn't the brutal result.

- vital (adj.) [prefix: vit=life]

- having remarkable energy or liveliness

- Our student leader can cheer us up with her vital speech in a minute.

- somnolent (adj.) [prefix: somno=sleeping]

- sleepy, drowsy

- After taking the pills, she became somnolent.

- instinct (n.)

- a natural or innate impulse

- It's an human instinct to scream when something scares you.

- fray (v.)

- to ravel out

- Your should buy a new sweater. The old one was frayed at the elbows.

btw, i really like this book and the way the author narrate the story

i can't believe his not a native english speaker!

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1. sane (adj.)

-sensibile

-She is smart because she is sane.

2. magnet (n.)

-body that attracts iron;person or thing that attracts

-Internet cafe is a magnet for students.

3. penury (n.)

-extreme poverty

-He lives in penury.

4. identify (v.)

-recognize

-The teacher identified her as a thief.

5. wrinkle (n.)

-small crease or fold

-Grandmother has many wrinkles on her face.

I think the true spelling is "sensible".

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1. dumster diving (ph.)

- means that someone is crazy in gathering garbage

- As an insane man, he is fascinating in dunsterdiving.

2. omnipotent (adj.)

- capable of doing "anything"

- In Edith Hamilton's mythology, Zeus, the lord of Olympus, is omnipotent and omniscient simultaneously.

3. pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis(n.)

- the longest word in present world, caused by inhaling volcano's ashes.

- That patient got pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis.

4. dopplegangel (n.)

- human soul, the word is rarely used.

- After Voldemort casted his spell, AVADAKEDAVRA, Potter's dopplegangel was extrcted.

5.Cardiopulmonary Resucitation

- short of CPR

- Due to this well-educated pilot, many people was saved by Cardiopulmonary Resucutation done by him.

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1.faux pas(n ph) : socially awkward behavior

Be have yourself! Don't make any faux pas during the meeting.

2.boycott(v) : resist to but something

Boycott the unconscionable company is good for everyone.

3.cubicle (n) : small room

My dormitory is a cubicle.

4.mugger (n) : robber

Don't get close to the strange man. Maybe he is a mugger.

5.rehabiliate (v) : recover (bad behavior/ reputation / health

I believe that these criminals will be rehabiliated.

Edited by 小李飛刀

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