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你也林來瘋嗎?

一些英文縮寫術語必須先知道:

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Statistics in basketball are kept to evaluate a player or a team's performance.

統計數子用來評估一個球員或球隊的表現

Some statistics are

一些統計數字如下

GP, GS: games played, games started (出場數,先發場數)

PTS: points(得分)

+ / - : 在場上時隊得分與失分差距。

例如,在得分平手時上場,打一陣子下場時,球隊贏10分,

那麼 +10; 如果下場時輸10分,-10。

這是每次在場上的累計統計。

FGM, FGA, FG%: field goals made, attempted and percentage(投中次數,投籃次數,百分比)

FTM, FTA, FT%: free throws made, attempted and percentage(罰球命中次數,罰球次數,百分比)

3FGM, 3FGA, 3FG%: three-point field goals made, attempted and percentage(3分球命中次數,出手次數,百分比)

REB, OREB, DREB: rebounds, offensive rebounds, defensive rebounds(籃板球,進攻,防守籃板球)

AST: assists(助攻)

STL: steals(抄截)

BLK: blocks(火鍋)

BA: (block against) 吃火鍋

BS: (blocked shots) 賞火鍋

TO: turnovers(失誤)

EFF: efficiency: NBA's efficiency rating: (PTS + REB + AST + STL + BLK - FG missed - FT missed - TO)

NBA效率 = (得分+籃板+助攻+抄截+火鍋 - 投籃失手 - 罰球失手 - 失誤)

PF: personal fouls(個人犯規)

MIN: minutes(上場分鐘數)

AST/TO: assist to turnover ratio(助攻/失誤比率)

PER: Player Efficiency Rating: John Hollinger's Player Efficiency Rating(球員效率值)

PIR: Performance Index Rating: Euroleague's and Eurocup's Performance Index

Rating: (Points + Rebounds + Assists + Steals + Blocks + Fouls Drawn) - (Missed Field Goals + Missed Free Throws + Turnovers + Shots Rejected + Fouls Committed)

球員表現值(歐洲用) = (得分+籃板+抄截+火鍋+被犯規次數) -

(投籃未中次數+罰球未中+失誤+被火鍋次數+犯規次數)

Edited by sandman
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這篇轉載自PTT,NBA術語

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以下是 NBA 相關英語

提供給大家收看轉播時查閱

請愛用!

NBA各項攻守統計術語

assist:助攻

block shot:阻攻

defensive rebound:防守籃板

field goal percentage:投球命中率

field goal:投球命中

free throw percentage:罰球命中率

free throw:罰球

offensive rebound:進攻籃板

rebound:籃板球

scoring:得分

steal:抄截

three-point shot percentage:三分球命中率

turnover:失誤

NBA各種得分方式

(slam) dunk:(強力)灌籃

bank shot:擦板球

double pump:拉桿式投籃(verb)

fade-away shot:後仰式跳投

hook shot:鉤射投籃

jump shot:跳投

lay up:帶球上籃

perimeter shot:中距離投籃

set shot:立定投籃

three-point shot:三分球

球隊球員篇

assistant coach:助理教練

backcourt:後衛(包括控球後衛及得分後衛)

backup:後備(替換,支援)球員

bench:(指全體)後備球員

bench player:(指個人)後備球員

center中鋒(又稱5號位置球員)

coach:教練

frontline:鋒線(包括大前鋒,小前鋒,中鋒)

GM(general manager):球隊經理

mascot:球隊吉祥物

MVP:最有價值球員

one-guard:控球後衛

point guard:控球後衛

power forward:大前鋒(又稱4號位置球員)

rookie:第一年球員,菜鳥球員

shooting guard:得分後衛

sixth man:第六人

small forward:小前鋒(又稱3號位置球員)

sophomore:第二年球員

starter:(指個人)先發球員

starting lineup:(指全體)先發球員

swingman:搖擺人(指兼能擔任得分後衛及小前鋒的球員)

trainer:球隊訓練員

two-guard:得分後衛

veteran:資深球員,老鳥

戰術篇

backdoor cut:從兩邊底線往籃下的戰術

block out:把對方球員擋住,使其不易強到籃球賽,卡位

cut:切入

double team:用兩位防守球員包夾進攻球員

dribble out the time:進攻方以運球方式消耗掉比賽所剩下時間

eat up the clock:進攻方以運球或傳球方式消耗掉比賽所剩下時間

fast break:快攻

foul strategy:犯規戰術

give and go:(進攻方持球球員的)傳切戰術

jockey for position:(籃下)卡位 [Note]:jockey乃耍花招也!

milk the time away:進攻方以運球或傳球方式消耗掉比賽所剩下時間

one-one-one defense:人盯人防守

pick and roll:(進攻方做掩護之球員的)擋切戰術

post-up play:(進攻方持球球員背對籃框)單吃對方防守球員之戰術

triple team:用三位防守球員包夾進攻球員

zone defense:區域防守,區域聯防

動作篇

(throw a) baseball pass:(快攻時)長傳

(shoot) an air ball:籃外空心球

behind-the-back dribble:背後運球

carrying the ball:翻球

cross-leg dribble:胯下運球

dribble:運球

driving to the hoop:帶球上籃

four-point play:投進3分球後因被犯規再罰進一分

hacking:打手犯規 [Note]:hack乃劈砍之意,可譯作「手刀」!

holding:拉手犯規

make the basket:投籃得分

make the hoop:投籃得分

monster dunk:狂猛灌籃

nothing but the net:空心球

palming:翻球 [Note]:palm有變戲法時藏於掌中之意!

reverse dunk:倒灌籃

reverse lay-up:反手上籃

shoot behind the arc:投三分球

score a basket:投籃得分

swish:空心球 [Note]:swish有嗖地一聲之意!

tap in:撥進,點進 [Note]:亦作tip-in。

three-point play:投進2分球後因被犯規再罰進一分

比賽篇

away game:客場比賽

final:總決賽

first round:首輪比賽

GB (games behind):落後戰績最領先球隊的勝場場數

guest team:客隊

home court:主場

home court advantage:主場優勢

home game:主場比賽

home team:主隊

losing streak:連敗場數,連敗紀錄 [Note]:streak有趨勢、脈絡之意!

post season:季後賽 [Note]:亦作off-season!

regular season:季賽

road game:客場比賽

schedule:賽程

semi-final:準決賽

standings:戰績

winning streak:連勝場數,連勝紀錄

規則篇

blocking foul:阻擋犯規

buzzer:(比賽用的)蜂鳴器(用於時間終了,換人等)

charging foul:(帶球)撞人犯規

dead ball:死球(停止比賽進行時段)

defensive basket interference:防守方干擾投籃得分

delay of game:阻礙比賽之正常進行

disqualification:犯滿離場(畢業)

double dribble:兩次運球

ejection:驅逐出場

expiration (of game, first half...):(全場比賽,上半場…的比賽)時間終了

first half:上半場

first (second, third, fourth) period:比賽的第一(第二,第三,第四)節

five ticks left on the (game clock, shot clock…):

(全場比賽,時限鐘上…的)時間只剩下5秒鐘 [Note]:tick乃時鐘的滴答聲是也!

flagrant foul:惡性犯規

foul:犯規

foul out:犯滿離場

foul trouble:快要犯滿離場

full timeout:全時(長的)暫停

goal tending:妨礙進籃得分

hand-checking:以手推擋對方進攻球員之犯規動作

held ball:持球(雙方均持球不放)

illegal defense:防守違例

illegal offense:進攻違例

isolation:四位進攻球員在一邊,而由第五位球員單吃對方防守球員

jump ball:爭球,跳球

loose ball foul:雙方均無持球權時的犯規(通常發生於雙方爭奪籃板球時)

offensive basket interference:進攻方干擾投籃得分

out of bound:球出界線 (千萬不要說outside)

overtime:加時賽,延長賽

referee:裁判

second half:下半場

shot clock violation:違反24秒內必須投籃(並且球必須觸及籃框)時限之規定

substitute:換人(上場、下場)

suspension:禁賽處罰

technical foul:技術犯規

ten-second violation:進攻方10秒鐘內未帶球過中場之違例

three-second violation:(籃下)3秒鐘之違例

throw a punch:出拳打架

throw in:發球入場

traveling:帶球走步 (千萬不要說walking)

twenty-second timeout:只有20秒鐘之短暫停

場地裝備篇

backboard:籃板

back court:後場

freethrow lane:罰球圈,禁區

freethrow line:罰球線

front court:前場

game clock:比賽用時鐘

halftime:中場休息時間

hoop:籃框,籃圈

mid-court:中場

net:籃網

painted area:罰球圈,禁區

restricted area near the basket:禁區內籃框下的小圓圈區域

rim:籃圈

scoring table:記錄(分)台

shot clock:24秒時鐘

three-point line:三分線

top of the circle:三分線頂端

wing:(左、右兩邊)底線區域

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